New Zealand

Stephanie’s father spent most of her childhood in prison or away from the family. Though he claimed to be “rehabilitated” upon his return to Gotham, Stephanie was furious to discover that he was actually returning to crime without his need to leave clues behind. She decided something needed to be done. Stephanie tailored a costume for herself, and called herself the Spoiler. She knew where her father was hiding out, found out his plans, and left clues so that the police and Batman could stop him. Robin Tim Drake tracked her down, and she joined in on the capturing of Cluemaster.

Stephanie Brown (New Earth)

The flag has two main features: On the blue state flag the stars are red outlined in white. On the red national flag, used by individuals or commercial institutions at sea, the stars are white. There are coins of 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents and 1 and 2 dollars, and notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, and dollars.

Stephanie Brown was born the daughter of the Cluemaster, one of Gotham City third-rate villains. Stephanie’s father spent most of her childhood in prison or away from the family. Though he claimed to be “rehabilitated” upon his return to Gotham, Stephanie was furious to discover that he was.

Only through a re-integration of humanity into the whole of nature can our people be made stronger. That is the fundamental point of the biological tasks of our age. Humankind alone is no longer the focus of thought, but rather life as a whole. This striving toward connectedness with the totality of life, with nature itself, a nature into which we are born, this is the deepest meaning and the true essence of National Socialist thought.

In such a situation, it is easy to overlook the fact that there are still virulent strains of fascism in our political culture which, however marginal, demand our attention. One of the least recognized or understood of these strains is the phenomenon one might call “actually existing ecofascism,” that is, the preoccupation of authentically fascist movements with environmentalist concerns. In order to grasp the peculiar intensity and endurance of this affiliation, we would do well to examine more closely its most notorious historical incarnation, the so-called “green wing” of German National Socialism.

Despite an extensive documentary record, the subject remains an elusive one, underappreciated by professional historians and environmental activists alike. In English-speaking countries as well as in Germany itself, the very existence of a “green wing” in the Nazi movement, much less its inspiration, goals, and consequences, has yet to be adequately researched and analyzed.

Most of the handful of available interpretations succumb to either an alarming intellectual affinity with their subject. A preliminary survey of nineteenth and twentieth century precursors to classical ecofascism should serve to illuminate the conceptual underpinnings common to all forms of reactionary ecology. Two initial clarifications are in order. First, the terms “environmental” and “ecological” are here used more or less interchangeably to denote ideas, attitudes, and practices commonly associated with the contemporary environmental movement.

Were There Dark Ages?

Donn de Grand-Pre Col. Donn de Grand-Pre, U. Also served as Commander of Special Troops for the U. Served as radio operator in World War II.

About. The Astronomy Department at the University of Washington (UW) began in and has grown to 15 full and part-time faculty, approximately 20 postdocs, and 30 graduate students.

Posted on October 15, by Scott Alexander [Warning: And that as far as I know no historian believes non-historians should never be allowed to talk about history if they try to be careful and cite their sources. Read at your own risk anyway. The Dark Ages were never a thing. The entire concept is complete and utter horseshit cobbled together by a deluded writer.

Petrarch used it to describe, well, every single thing that had happened since the fall of Rome. Not every scientist was burned at the stake, not everyone thought the world was flat and surrounded by space dragons, and the High Middle Ages were notable for impressive levels of material progress which in some cases outpaced the Classical World and which set the stage for the upcoming Renaissance the continuity thesis.

But I worry that as usual , this corrective to an overblown narrative of darkness has itself been overblown. The period from about to about in Christian Western Europe was marked by profound economic and intellectual decline and stagnation relative to the periods that came before and after it. To go through the arguments one by one: Many other areas during this period had no warring states at all!

Empedocles

Mineralogy As a discipline, mineralogy has had close historical ties with geology. Minerals as basic constituents of rocks and ore deposits are obviously an integral aspect of geology. The problems and techniques of mineralogy, however, are distinct in many respects from those of the rest of geology, with the result that mineralogy has grown to be a large, complex discipline in itself. Nepheline greasy light gray , sodalite blue , cancrinite yellow , feldspar white , and ferromagnesian minerals black in an alkalic syenite from Litchfield, Maine, U.

About 3, distinct mineral species are recognized, but relatively few are important in the kinds of rocks that are abundant in the outer part of the Earth.

The"Green Wing” of the Nazi Party and its Historical Antecedents Peter Staudenmaier"We recognize that separating humanity from nature, from the whole of life, leads to humankind’s own destruction and to the death of nations.

Member beliefs What most LDS have been taught in church and believe as truth The leaders of the church, as well as gospel doctrine teachers the world over, have taught that many Biblical events and beliefs that people have had for centuries are indeed true, historical events. Joseph Smith and other prophets have made statements that indicated that certain Biblical events were indeed historical and not merely parables.

Many of these Biblical traditions were believed as literal events by most of the general population in the s as well. Global Flood of Noah. Adam and Eve were the first humans. Dinosaurs were never alive on this earth, because there was no death before Adam. Age of the Earth is thousands instead of billions of years old. Evolution did not happen. Sun gets its light from Kolob.

Were There Dark Ages?

Life[ edit ] The temple of Hera at Agrigentum , built when Empedocles was a young man, c. Empedocles was born, c. His father Meto seems to have been instrumental in overthrowing the tyrant of Agrigentum, presumably Thrasydaeus in BC. Empedocles continued this tradition by helping to overthrow the succeeding oligarchic government.

Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number It is in group 18 of the periodic table and is a noble gas. Argon is the third-most abundant gas in the Earth’s atmosphere, at % ( ppmv).It is more than twice as abundant as water vapor (which averages about ppmv, but varies greatly), 23 times as abundant as carbon dioxide ( ppmv), and more than times as.

Space-filling model of argon fluorohydride Argon’s complete octet of electrons indicates full s and p subshells. This full valence shell makes argon very stable and extremely resistant to bonding with other elements. Before , argon and the other noble gases were considered to be chemically inert and unable to form compounds; however, compounds of the heavier noble gases have since been synthesized.

The first argon compound with tungsten pentacarbonyl, W CO 5Ar, was isolated in However it was not widely recognised at that time. This discovery caused the recognition that argon could form weakly bound compounds, even though it was not the first. It forms at pressures between 4. About , tonnes of argon are produced worldwide every year. Because of this, it is used in potassium—argon dating to determine the age of rocks.

Cylinders containing argon gas for use in extinguishing fire without damaging server equipment Argon has several desirable properties: Argon is a chemically inert gas. Argon is the cheapest alternative when nitrogen is not sufficiently inert. Argon has low thermal conductivity. Other noble gases would be equally suitable for most of these applications, but argon is by far the cheapest.

Age of the universe

Awards Best Instrumental Albums in Olsen — January 1, Hello everyone, my name is John P. As the site and interview host for New Age Music World I can tell you from personal experience the artists I represent are resolute to do their very best with each new album they produce. I have the opportunity to meet the majority of artist I write about, and felt this was the perfect occasion to publicly express the deep admiration I have for the artists I have met, and tell you of their determination with producing the finest new music they hope will ultimately meet our approval.

Their high ambitions have paid dividends by rewarding us with an outstanding collection of new albums and songs during the past year.

Dating – Rubidium–strontium method: The radioactive decay of rubidium (87Rb) to strontium (87Sr) was the first widely used dating system that utilized the isochron method. Rubidium is a relatively abundant trace element in Earth’s crust and can be found in many common rock-forming minerals in which it substitutes for the major element potassium.

Rubidium—strontium method The radioactive decay of rubidium 87Rb to strontium 87Sr was the first widely used dating system that utilized the isochron method. Because rubidium is concentrated in crustal rocks, the continents have a much higher abundance of the daughter isotope strontium compared with the stable isotopes. A ratio for average continental crust of about 0.

This difference may appear small, but, considering that modern instruments can make the determination to a few parts in 70, , it is quite significant. Dissolved strontium in the oceans today has a value of 0. Thus, if well-dated, unaltered fossil shells containing strontium from ancient seawater are analyzed, changes in this ratio with time can be observed and applied in reverse to estimate the time when fossils of unknown age were deposited.

Dating simple igneous rocks The rubidium—strontium pair is ideally suited for the isochron dating of igneous rocks. As a liquid rock cools, first one mineral and then another achieves saturation and precipitates, each extracting specific elements in the process. Strontium is extracted in many minerals that are formed early, whereas rubidium is gradually concentrated in the final liquid phase.

In practice, rock samples weighing several kilograms each are collected from a suite of rocks that are believed to have been part of a single homogeneous liquid prior to solidification. The samples are crushed and homogenized to produce a fine representative rock powder from which a fraction of a gram is withdrawn and dissolved in the presence of appropriate isotopic traces, or spikes. Strontium and rubidium are extracted and loaded into the mass spectrometer, and the values appropriate to the x and y coordinates are calculated from the isotopic ratios measured.

View images by clicking on link or reduced image: Each image opens into a new window. These primitive, medium sized apes lived in rain forests between 18 and 22 million years ago. This species and others such as Dryopithecus existed before the hominid line diverged on the path to humans. This lineage ancestral gibbons is believed to have diverged from the great ape and human lineages between 17 and 25 Mya Avers,

This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler’s literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.

Cosmic age problem In the 18th century, the concept that the age of the Earth was millions, if not billions, of years began to appear. However, most scientists throughout the 19th century and into the first decades of the 20th century presumed that the universe itself was Steady State and eternal, with maybe stars coming and going but no changes occurring at the largest scale known at the time. The first scientific theories indicating that the age of the universe might be finite were the studies of thermodynamics , formalized in the mid th century.

The concept of entropy dictates that if the universe or any other closed system were infinitely old, then everything inside would be at the same temperature, and thus there would be no stars and no life. No scientific explanation for this contradiction was put forth at the time. In Albert Einstein published the theory of general relativity [16][16] in constructed the first cosmological model based on his theory. In order to remain consistent with a steady state universe, Einstein added what was later called a cosmological constant to his equations.

At the time that Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was published, the earth was “scientifically” determined to be million years old. By , it was found to be 1. In , science firmly established that the earth was 3. Finally in , it was discovered that the earth is “really” 4.

This website provides responsible criticism of the 9/11 Commission Report by senior military, intelligence and government officials. It provides experienced professional opinions about the terrorist attacks on the world trade center and the pentagon.

Volume 65, Issue 4 , April , Pages Rare-earth elements in Egyptian granite by instrumental neutron activation analysis Author links open overlay panel A. El-Taher Show more https: The similarity in REEs chemical behavior makes the separate determination of each element by chemical methods difficult; instrumental neutron activation analysis INAA , based on nuclear properties of the elements to be determined, is a method of choice in trace analysis of REEs and related elements.

Therefore, INAA was applied as a sensitive nondestructive analytical tool for the determination of REEs to find out what information could be obtained about the REEs of some Egyptian granite collected from four locations in Aswan area in south Egypt as follows wadi El-Allaqi, El-Shelal, Gabel Ibrahim Pasha and from Sehyel Island and to estimate the accuracy, reproducibility and detection limit of NAA method in case of the given samples.

The following elements have been determined: The gamma spectra was collected by HPGe detector and the analysis was done by means of computerized multichannel analyzer. The X-ray fluorescence XRF was also used. Previous article in issue.

History Scientific discoveries The first evidence of helium was observed on August 18, , as a bright yellow line with a wavelength of The line was detected by French astronomer Jules Janssen during a total solar eclipse in Guntur , India. On October 20 of the same year, English astronomer Norman Lockyer observed a yellow line in the solar spectrum, which he named the D3 because it was near the known D1 and D2 Fraunhofer line lines of sodium.

Ramsay was looking for argon but, after separating nitrogen and oxygen from the gas liberated by sulfuric acid , he noticed a bright yellow line that matched the D3 line observed in the spectrum of the Sun. Hillebrand, however, attributed the lines to nitrogen. In , the same phenomenon was observed in helium-3 , but at temperatures much closer to absolute zero, by American physicists Douglas D.

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657 #18 – Absolute radiometric age dating of rocks and geologic materials


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